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Oystermouth Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Mumbles (Y Mwmbwls), Swansea (Abertawe)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5771 / 51°34'37"N

Longitude: -4.0026 / 4°0'9"W

OS Eastings: 261325

OS Northings: 188367

OS Grid: SS613883

Mapcode National: GBR GX.FGBK

Mapcode Global: VH4KG.KMTC

Entry Name: Oystermouth Castle

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2860

Cadw Legacy ID: GM007

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Castle

Period: Medieval

County: Swansea (Abertawe)

Community: Mumbles (Y Mwmbwls)

Built-Up Area: Swansea

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a castle, dating to the medieval period. Oystermouth Castle was established c. 1107 by William de Londres. The first castle, probably of timber, is said to have been destroyed during the Welsh uprising of 1136, and was subsequently rebuilt by Maurice de Londres. The present keep is a partial survival of this second phase. The castle was again destroyed when it was captured by the Welsh in 1215 and held until 1220. Its re-acquisition by John de Braose, lord of Gower, probably saw rebuilding soon after, including the enlargement of the original keep into a more ambitious hall block. The north-west and west blocks were added soon after and the castle was further strengthened by William de Braose, probably in the period 1256-66 when the present gatehouse and curtain walls were built following another assault. William clearly regarded it as his most impressive residence as in 1284 Edward I stayed there for 2 nights. The castle was attacked again during the rebellion of Rhys ap Meredudd in 1287. The addition of a chapel block is credited to the last of the de Braose family, Alina, who was resident 1327-31, but it may alternatively have been built by her son John, Lord Mowbray. Although Lord Mowbray was not permanently resident he was ordered to strengthen the defences in 1335.

According to John Leland, by the 1530s the castle was ruinous. In the post-medieval period the late medieval service buildings were adapted as cottages, while the gatehouse was inhabited in the 18th and 19th centuries. The antiquary George Grant Francis undertook some restoration to the chapel block in the 1840s and other subsequent minor repairs.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive practices. The monument is well-preserved and an important relic of the medieval landscape. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both structural evidence and intact associated deposits.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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