Ancient Monuments

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Mynydd Rhyd Ddu Enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Betws Gwerfil Goch (Betws Gwerful Goch), Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0187 / 53°1'7"N

Longitude: -3.4104 / 3°24'37"W

OS Eastings: 305484

OS Northings: 347753

OS Grid: SJ054477

Mapcode National: GBR 6N.FS1Q

Mapcode Global: WH77T.LD64

Entry Name: Mynydd Rhyd Ddu Enclosure

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1999

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 132

Cadw Legacy ID: DE252

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych)

Community: Betws Gwerfil Goch (Betws Gwerful Goch)

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. This hillfort is located on the local summit of Mynydd Rhyd Ddu and is defined by a single bank of earth and stone, with an exernal ditch visible in places. The hillfort measures 60m x 40m internally and the bank stands to a height of 0.8m on average. The entrance was probably on the eastern side and appears to have been defined by the use of large stone boulders. The interior of the hillfort appears relatively untouched and houses the remains of at least two hut circles measuring around 8m in diameter and defined by low banks up to 0.2m high.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is recatngular and measures 100m x 75m.

Source: Cadw

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