Ancient Monuments

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Llanwenarth Churchyard Cross-Base

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Latitude: 51.8271 / 51°49'37"N

Longitude: -3.0524 / 3°3'8"W

OS Eastings: 327567

OS Northings: 214795

OS Grid: SO275147

Mapcode National: GBR F4.W1GQ

Mapcode Global: VH796.1BNQ

Entry Name: Llanwenarth Churchyard Cross-Base

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1950

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2371

Cadw Legacy ID: MM118

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cross

Period: Medieval

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Llanfoist Fawr (Llan-ffwyst Fawr)

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument consists of a free standing cross base probably dating to the early medieval or medieval period, which stands in the churchyard to the south of the church. The structure is made of squared dressed stone with the original section as whole standing 2.2m in height being set on three steps which are 1.2m in height and 3.5m square at the bottom. Above the steps is the square shaft base which is 0.8m high and 0.7m in width and breadth and has carved broached stops at the corners. A section of 0.3m of the original cross shaft remains and is of 0.2m square section with chamfered corners. The remainder of the shaft and cross above are modern. The top step of the base and the second step down on the north side have modern inscriptions carved on them as part of the War Memorial.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the organisation and practice of Christianity. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A cross base may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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