Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Foel Fynyddau Round Cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Cwmavon (Cwmafan), Neath Port Talbot (Castell-nedd Port Talbot)

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Latitude: 51.628 / 51°37'40"N

Longitude: -3.7599 / 3°45'35"W

OS Eastings: 278278

OS Northings: 193595

OS Grid: SS782935

Mapcode National: GBR H4.8QZ0

Mapcode Global: VH5GV.SB4V

Entry Name: Foel Fynyddau Round Cairn

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1960

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2895

Cadw Legacy ID: GM279

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Neath Port Talbot (Castell-nedd Port Talbot)

Community: Cwmavon (Cwmafan)

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument comprises the remains a burial cairn, probably dating to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). It is situated on the summit of Foel Fynyddau at 371m above OD with extensive views in all directions. The cairn is circular on plan and measures 19.2m in diameter by 0.9m high. Robbing in the centre has resulted in an oval hollow 6.7m by 5.5m and 0.6m deep; the stones within are reddened by fire, possibly from the use of the cairn as a beacon. On the southern edge of the hollow is an Ordnance Survey trig point.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The monument is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both intact burial or ritual deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Cairns may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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