Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Deserted Rural Settlement North of Foel Fynyddau

A Scheduled Monument in Pelenna, Neath Port Talbot (Castell-nedd Port Talbot)

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Latitude: 51.6352 / 51°38'6"N

Longitude: -3.759 / 3°45'32"W

OS Eastings: 278360

OS Northings: 194395

OS Grid: SS783943

Mapcode National: GBR H4.8C5H

Mapcode Global: VH5GV.S5M9

Entry Name: Deserted Rural Settlement North of Foel Fynyddau

Scheduled Date: 30 August 2001

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 816

Cadw Legacy ID: GM551

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: House platform

Period: Medieval

County: Neath Port Talbot (Castell-nedd Port Talbot)

Community: Pelenna

Built-Up Area: Pontrhydyfen

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument comprises the remains of five circular/rectangular earthen building platform, which probably date to the medieval period. There are four earth platforms, set in pairs and likely to represent the earliest phase of occupation. The smallest measures 9m by 5m and the largest 13m by 5m and all have been built at 90 degrees to the prevailing slope in order to provide flat bases for timber buildings. The fifth round platform has been set along the contour of the hill and retains the stone footings of a building apparently used as a barn during the 17th and 18th centuries. It is possible further platforms may be located in the forest.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval settlement. The monument forms an important element within the wider medieval context and the scheduled area may be expected to contain a wide range of archaeological information, including chronological detail and evidence in regard to construction techniques and agricultural methods. House platforms may be part of a larger cluster of settlement and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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