Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Candwr Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Ponthir (Pont-hir), Torfaen (Tor-faen)

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Latitude: 51.6357 / 51°38'8"N

Longitude: -2.9698 / 2°58'11"W

OS Eastings: 332981

OS Northings: 193435

OS Grid: ST329934

Mapcode National: GBR J6.85PR

Mapcode Global: VH7B6.G4VW

Entry Name: Candwr Camp

Scheduled Date: 3 February 1950

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3385

Cadw Legacy ID: MM135

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Torfaen (Tor-faen)

Community: Ponthir (Pont-hir)

Built-Up Area: Caerleon

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument comprises the remains of a univallate hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). The hillfort comprises a roughly circular enclosure with a slightly rolling interior, surrounded by a scarp and bank. On the N side there is a bank with an interior height of 1.5m and an exterior height of 2.5m. The outside slope is quite steep. Outside it is a berm about 9m wide, and then a further, gentler drop of 1.5m, to the natural ground slope. At the W end of the N side an old farm track cuts diagonally across the bank. At the E end there is only a scarp 2.5m high, with a slight berm in the middle. On the S side there is a scarp 1.5 - 2m high. The scarp continues round to the W side of the camp, where it is 2.2m high. Outside it is a ditch 3m wide and 0.8m deep. The field boundary (hedge) runs along the top of its outer side until the N end, where the hedge runs along in the bottom of the ditch.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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