Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Caerleon Legionary Fortress: Former Garden of The Firs

A Scheduled Monument in Caerleon (Caerllion), Newport (Casnewydd)

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6097 / 51°36'34"N

Longitude: -2.9532 / 2°57'11"W

OS Eastings: 334092

OS Northings: 190528

OS Grid: ST340905

Mapcode National: GBR J7.9XHN

Mapcode Global: VH7B6.RSNV

Entry Name: Caerleon Legionary Fortress: Former Garden of The Firs

Scheduled Date: 20 February 1990

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3510

Cadw Legacy ID: MM248

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Legionary fortress

Period: Roman

County: Newport (Casnewydd)

Community: Caerleon (Caerllion)

Built-Up Area: Caerleon

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Description

The monument comprises buried features and earthworks representing part of a Roman legionary fortress. The fortress at Caerleon, or Isca, is one of only three permanent legionary fortresses in Britain and was founded around AD75. Its construction was probably linked to the campaigns of the Governor of Britannia, Julius Frontinus, against the Silures. The fortress was home to the 2nd Augusta Legion, a legion of over 500 men. The site of the fortress was chosen for its position on gently rising ground adjacent to the river Usk at a point where it could be bridged but was also accessible to sea-going ships, and on the road between Wroxeter, Gloucester and Carmarthen. The fortress covered an area of 50 acres and conformed to the standard playing card design, had a gated entrance in the middle of each side and was divided into insulae, or blocks, by a network of roads. The fortress was in use by the 2nd Augusta Legion until around AD300 after which it continued to be partly occupied although there is no clear evidence to determine whether the occupation was military or civilian. The site covers a section of the barrack blocks located immediately inside the S defences. An adjacent section (MM242) was partly excavated in the 1930s in advance of the construction of new housing. The excavations revealed a complex sequence of occupation including 4th century evidence which is extremely rare in Caerleon.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman military organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider context of the Roman occupation of Wales and the structures may contain well preserved archaeological evidence concerning chronology, layout and building techniques.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.