Ancient Monuments

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Bwlch-yr-Oerfa Settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Pontarfynach, Ceredigion

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3587 / 52°21'31"N

Longitude: -3.8166 / 3°48'59"W

OS Eastings: 276389

OS Northings: 274955

OS Grid: SN763749

Mapcode National: GBR 93.SJZC

Mapcode Global: VH4FP.SZP6

Entry Name: Bwlch-yr-Oerfa Settlement

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1989

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1898

Cadw Legacy ID: CD149

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Grange

Period: Medieval

County: Ceredigion

Community: Pontarfynach

Traditional County: Cardiganshire

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a grange, dating to the medieval period. A grange is an outlying farm or estate, usually belonging to a religious order or feudal lord. The term is specifically related to core buildings and structures associated with monastic land holding. The monument comprises a well preserved complex of earthworks just to the north of a recent plantation and set within a hollow in the hills. To the west of a stream is an embanked oval enclosure measuring c.35m by c.17m. It contains nine closely-packed raised sub-rectangular platforms. Attached to the east is an additional or earlier enclosure also with raised platforms internally. To the east of the stream is a raised sub-rectangular platform measuring c.35m by c.17m with traces of long ridges. Under the eastern slope of this platform are the substantial stone footings of a rectangular building measuring c.17m by 6m.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval ecclesiastical and settlement organisation. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A grange may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can be further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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