Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bulwarks Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Chepstow (Cas-gwent), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Latitude: 51.6314 / 51°37'52"N

Longitude: -2.6691 / 2°40'8"W

OS Eastings: 353785

OS Northings: 192720

OS Grid: ST537927

Mapcode National: GBR JM.8HB4

Mapcode Global: VH87T.P8B6

Entry Name: Bulwarks Camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2979

Cadw Legacy ID: MM093

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Chepstow (Cas-gwent)

Built-Up Area: Chepstow

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument comprises the remains of a defended enclosure, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 43). The enclosure is located on top of Hardwick Cliffs, overlooking the River Wye to the east, which, together with a deep ravine to the south, form substantial natural defences. Artificial defences were built on the west and north-west sides, and these consist of multiple ramparts the innermost of which is the most substantial. The defences are well preserved in woodland, while the interior of the monument is flat and used as a playing field and playground.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, layout, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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