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Latitude: 51.5709 / 51°34'15"N
Longitude: -4.0659 / 4°3'57"W
OS Eastings: 256923
OS Northings: 187803
OS Grid: SS569878
Mapcode National: GBR GV.ZX72
Mapcode Global: VH4KF.GSW3
Entry Name: Bishopston Valley Camp
Source ID: 3754
Cadw Legacy ID: GM126
Schedule Class: Defence
Category: Promontory Fort - inland
County: Swansea (Abertawe)
Traditional County: Glamorgan
The monument comprises the remains of a defended enclosure which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74). Inland promontory forts are usually located on a ridge or spur with steep slopes on 2 or 3 sides, and artificial ramparts on the level approaches. Alternatively they may have been constructed on a promontory above the confluence of two rivers, or in the bend of a meander.
Bishopston is an inland promontory fort with two massive banks across the east side. The entrance is at the north end. Excavation in 1939 found an oval hut site in the interior, external revetment of the inner bank and evidence of mixed farming. Roman objects found indicated occupation at least into the 2nd century AD.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.