Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bishopston Valley Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Pennard, Swansea (Abertawe)

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Latitude: 51.5709 / 51°34'15"N

Longitude: -4.0659 / 4°3'57"W

OS Eastings: 256923

OS Northings: 187803

OS Grid: SS569878

Mapcode National: GBR GV.ZX72

Mapcode Global: VH4KF.GSW3

Entry Name: Bishopston Valley Camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3754

Cadw Legacy ID: GM126

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Promontory Fort - inland

Period: Prehistoric

County: Swansea (Abertawe)

Community: Pennard

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument comprises the remains of a defended enclosure which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74). Inland promontory forts are usually located on a ridge or spur with steep slopes on 2 or 3 sides, and artificial ramparts on the level approaches. Alternatively they may have been constructed on a promontory above the confluence of two rivers, or in the bend of a meander.

Bishopston is an inland promontory fort with two massive banks across the east side. The entrance is at the north end. Excavation in 1939 found an oval hut site in the interior, external revetment of the inner bank and evidence of mixed farming. Roman objects found indicated occupation at least into the 2nd century AD.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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