Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bishop Barnet's Wood Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Mathern (Matharn), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Latitude: 51.6445 / 51°38'40"N

Longitude: -2.6957 / 2°41'44"W

OS Eastings: 351958

OS Northings: 194195

OS Grid: ST519941

Mapcode National: GBR JL.7NMW

Mapcode Global: VH87M.7X8Q

Entry Name: Bishop Barnet's Wood Camp

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1950

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2379

Cadw Legacy ID: MM139

Schedule Class: Monument

Category: Enclosure

Period: Prehistoric

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Mathern (Matharn)

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument comprises the remains of an earthwork enclosure. The date or precise nature of the enclosure is unknown, but it is likely to be later prehistoric. The enclosure is roughly circular in plan, 50m in diameter and enclosed by two low banks with a 1.5m wide ditch between them. The inner bank is 0.7m high and the outer bank 0.5m-1m high. There are gaps in the defences on the E and S sides, which may be original entrances. The interior of the enclosure is featureless.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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