Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Kinnaird Castle, unenclosed settlement 240m west of Wood Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Brechin and Edzell, Angus

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 56.7084 / 56°42'30"N

Longitude: -2.6115 / 2°36'41"W

OS Eastings: 362662

OS Northings: 757578

OS Grid: NO626575

Mapcode National: GBR VT.RHGL

Mapcode Global: WH8RG.VNM4

Entry Name: Kinnaird Castle, unenclosed settlement 240m W of Wood Cottage

Scheduled Date: 13 June 1996

Last Amended: 5 March 2015

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6397

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: hut circle, roundhouse

Location: Farnell

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Brechin and Edzell

Traditional County: Angus


The monument is the remains of an unenclosed settlement dating to between 1800 BC and AD 400. The settlement lies buried beneath the ploughsoil and is visible as cropmarks captured on oblique aerial photographs. At least six dark disc-shaped cropmarks indicate roundhouses with sunken floors ranging in diameter from about 8m to 12m. There is also a similar number of curved or crescent-shaped cropmarks that indicate either roundhouses or souterrains (underground chambers). The monument lies some 700m S of the River South Esk and is about 25m above sea level.

The scheduled area is irregular on plan to include the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The monument was first scheduled in 1996, but the documentation did not meet modern standards: the present amendment rectifies this.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to make a significant addition to knowledge and understanding of later prehistoric rural settlement in Scotland. The monument includes roundhouses that vary in size and form and there is evidence for at least one souterrain. It offers high potential to compare changing settlement form and character over time and to examine the functions of different building types. The monument's importance is enhanced by its association with the wider archaeological landscape of enclosures and unenclosed settlements in the valley of the South Esk. If this monument was to be lost or damaged, our understanding of the distribution and character of later prehistoric settlements would be diminished.


Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO65NW 59. The Angus Sites and Monuments Record reference is NO65NW0059.

Aerial Photographs: AN5916, AN5917, SC1013406.


HER/SMR Reference

Angus SMR NO65NW0059

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.