Ancient Monuments

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Balwyllo,enclosures and cropmarks 300m south west of

A Scheduled Monument in Montrose and District, Angus

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Latitude: 56.7194 / 56°43'9"N

Longitude: -2.5702 / 2°34'12"W

OS Eastings: 365201

OS Northings: 758780

OS Grid: NO652587

Mapcode National: GBR NB0Y.WV3

Mapcode Global: WH8RH.HCBP

Entry Name: Balwyllo,enclosures and cropmarks 300m SW of

Scheduled Date: 10 October 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6094

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Dun

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Montrose and District

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of an enclosed settlement and associated features of prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument occupies a low spur in arable farmland at around 15m OD, some 800m N of the River South Esk. The enclosed settlement is defined by a sub-circular ditch some 2m wide which encloses an area some 20m in diameter. Further cropmarks indicate the presence of a series of pits and other ill-defined features within the enclosure.

S of the enclosure are a series of four sharply defined but irregular dark cropmarks which appear to represent occupation deposits associated with former domestic buildings. A series of curving lengths of ditch can also be discerned in this area. The N part of the site is characterised by a series of less well-defined cropmarks which may nonetheless represent additional elements of the settlement.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible features and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 110m NNE- SSW by 75m WNW-ESE, as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to add to our understanding of the nature and development of prehistoric settlement and economy. The association of the enclosed settlement with probable external domestic buildings is of particular significance in identifying the development of prehistoric settlement forms.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 65 NE 41.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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