Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Balbirnie Mill,enclosure 300m ENE of

A Scheduled Monument in Brechin and Edzell, Angus

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Latitude: 56.7176 / 56°43'3"N

Longitude: -2.5979 / 2°35'52"W

OS Eastings: 363503

OS Northings: 758595

OS Grid: NO635585

Mapcode National: GBR WY.ZZXW

Mapcode Global: WH8RH.2F61

Entry Name: Balbirnie Mill,enclosure 300m ENE of

Scheduled Date: 13 June 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6395

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Brechin

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Brechin and Edzell

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of an enclosed settlement of prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on relatively low ground in arable farmland at around 10m OD close to the River South Esk. It comprises a roughly oval enclosure some 50m E-W by approximately 40m N-S with a ditch about 2m wide. The surrounding landscape is rich in the remains of later prehistoric settlements.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains described and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is circular with a diameter of 80m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. The importance of the site is enhanced by its unusual siting and its proximity to other monuments of similar date in the vicinity.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 65 NW 40.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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