Ancient Monuments

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Upper Cairn,souterrain,Braebuster

A Scheduled Monument in Stromness and South Isles, Orkney Islands

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Latitude: 58.9293 / 58°55'45"N

Longitude: -3.3553 / 3°21'19"W

OS Eastings: 322076

OS Northings: 1005459

OS Grid: HY220054

Mapcode National: GBR L524.3QQ

Mapcode Global: WH6B0.FTGL

Entry Name: Upper Cairn,souterrain,Braebuster

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1955

Last Amended: 7 February 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM1437

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Hoy and Graemsay

County: Orkney Islands

Electoral Ward: Stromness and South Isles

Traditional County: Orkney


The monument consists of a souterrain, an underground Iron Age

storage structure, together with traces of a surface structure,

perhaps an associated dwelling.

The souterrain is a stone-lined passage, from 0.8 to 1.0m wide

oriented NE-SW leading, at the SW end, to an oval chamber 3.7m by

2.4m by 1.6m high, collapsed at the SW side. The roof of the chamber

is supported by free-standing slabs of stone, and the roof of the passage is lintelled. Entrance is taken through a hole in the passage roof, but was presumably originally from the NE end of the passage, where the passage is blocked by fallen masonry beyond a massive

lintel. The passage roof rises from 0.8m at the NE to 1.6m at the SW end.

Some 10m S of the entrance hole to the souterrain, a protruding stone and others below the turf, on a slight rise, suggest the presence of

a domestic structure associated with the souterrain, and this may

occupy an area as much as 30m square.

The area to be scheduled is a square of side 30m, bounded on the NNW side by a drain. The souterrain lies in the N part of the area to be scheduled, which includes the souterrain and the probable domestic structure. The area is marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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