Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rattray Line, pill box 650m east of Rattray House

A Scheduled Monument in Peterhead North and Rattray, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.5964 / 57°35'46"N

Longitude: -1.8355 / 1°50'7"W

OS Eastings: 409930

OS Northings: 856271

OS Grid: NK099562

Mapcode National: GBR P8TN.3RR

Mapcode Global: WHBPV.SB4D

Entry Name: Rattray Line, pill box 650m E of Rattray House

Scheduled Date: 9 May 2005

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM11309

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: 20th Century Military and Related: Pillbox

Location: Crimond

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: Peterhead North and Rattray

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire


The monument comprises the remains of a well-preserved pill box situated behind the dune system stretching from the Rattray Head lighthouse shore station to the south, part of a larger defensive anti-tank stop line of 14 intervisible pill boxes and associated defences erected during World War II to protect against landings on the beach south of Rattray Head.

The pill box. which is a type 24, is situated in an area of relatively flat land behind the rear slope of the dune system. It is one of the few pill boxes on the line of 14 where the builders have not been able to use the natural topography to camouflage and protect the emplacement; it has been placed on higher ground to improve its field of fire.

The area to be protected is limited to the pill box and a small zone around the outer surface of the walls. The area is circular with a diameter of 9m as shown in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The well-preserved pill box which forms this monument is of national importance both as a part of a significant defensive line constructed along the Aberdeenshire coast during the Second World War, and as an illustration of the ways in which individual elements along that line could be adapted to the configuration of the terrain in which they were located. Its importance is accentuated by the extent of the defensive line.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded by RCAHMS as NK15NW 1.05

The other pill boxes are scheduled as SM Nos 11307, 11308, 11310, 11311, 11312, 11313, 11314, 11315, 11316, 11317, 11318, 11319, 11320.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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