Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Knockhill House, unenclosed settlement south west of

A Scheduled Monument in Tay Bridgehead, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.4148 / 56°24'53"N

Longitude: -2.9365 / 2°56'11"W

OS Eastings: 342317

OS Northings: 725119

OS Grid: NO423251

Mapcode National: GBR VL.CRWD

Mapcode Global: WH7RQ.V1V6

Entry Name: Knockhill House, unenclosed settlement SW of

Scheduled Date: 30 May 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7088

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Forgan

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: Tay Bridgehead

Traditional County: Fife

Description

The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial potographs. The monument lies in arable farmland at around 25m OD. It comprises a complex and multi-period group of remains spread over four fields.

There are numerous single and clusters of disc-shaped cropmarks plus at least one ring-ditch measuring about 8m in overall diameter: these are the remains of former circular wooden houses. There is an enclosed crescentic feature, which consists of a sub-circular enclosure, measuring about 24m in maximum diameter, within which is a crescentic cropmark about 12m long.

There are at least three souterrains, former semi-underground storage cellars, one of which extends from the enclosed crescent and is about 14m in length. There are also many pits, amorphous cropmarks and linear features, which may be expected to represent associated structures and boundaries.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to survive. Part of the N boundary is formed by the S edge of Knockhill Wood, and part of the W boundary by the E edge of the verge of the A914 road. The area is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 740m WSW-ENE by 200m NNW-SSE, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. The importance of the site is enhanced by its complexity and the evidence it holds for the relationship between different structural forms.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 42 NW 46.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1983) F/12924 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1983) F/12925 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1983) F/12921 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1992) B79858 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1984) A13982 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1983) F/12922 NO42NW46.

RCAHMS (1990) F/12921/TR NO42NW46.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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