Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cotton of Balcathie, unenclosed settlement 700m WSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim, Angus

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Latitude: 56.5403 / 56°32'25"N

Longitude: -2.6507 / 2°39'2"W

OS Eastings: 360084

OS Northings: 738889

OS Grid: NO600388

Mapcode National: GBR VT.GSDH

Mapcode Global: WH8S7.8W00

Entry Name: Cotton of Balcathie, unenclosed settlement 700m WSW of

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7068

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Arbirlot

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on a locally prominent ridge in arable farmland at around 25m OD. It comprises a cluster of cropmarks including at least five disc-shaped features, each measuring between about 8m and 12m in diameter, which represent the remains of former timber roundhouses.

Associated with these features are at least two curving cropmarks, each measuring about 15m in length, which represent the remains of souterrains (semi-subterranean structures generally regarded as having been used for storage in the later prehistoric period).

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is a quadrilateral measuring 170m between its most northerly and southerly points and 210m between its most easterly and westerly points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 63 NW 5.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1983) AN/6786 NO63NW5, 6.

RCAHMS (1983) AN/6790 NO63NW5, 6.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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