Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Unenclosed settlement and long barrow, 320m SSW of Nether Kelly

A Scheduled Monument in Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim, Angus

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Latitude: 56.5338 / 56°32'1"N

Longitude: -2.6581 / 2°39'29"W

OS Eastings: 359620

OS Northings: 738174

OS Grid: NO596381

Mapcode National: GBR VS.WBMG

Mapcode Global: WH8SF.41HD

Entry Name: Unenclosed settlement and long barrow, 320m SSW of Nether Kelly

Scheduled Date: 4 March 1997

Last Amended: 31 August 2021

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6624

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement; Prehistoric ritual and funerary: long barrow

Location: Arbirlot

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of an unenclosed settlement and long barrow of prehistoric date, visible by cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs. The monument lies in arable farmland, at a height of around 25m above sea level.

The scheduled area contains cropmarks of an unenclosed settlement and a long barrow located around 130m to the east of the settlement edge. The unenclosed settlement probably dates to the end of the Bronze Age (2500BC-800BC) or Iron Age (800BC-500AD). The settlement has a large number of features including ring ditches, souterrains and sub-circular enclosures. Ring ditches have been shown by excavation to represent the remains of former timber roundhouses of the later prehistoric period. The examples here measure between around 8m to 15m in diameter within ditches about 1m wide. The area also includes several souterrains, each about 10m to 15m in length. These were semi-underground cellars attached to above-ground settlements during the Iron Age and are generally thought to have been used for storage.

The long barrow is a funerary and burial monument, probably dating from the Bronze Age (2500BC-800BC). The barrow is represented by cropmarks of two parallel ditches measuring around 35m in length. The ends of the long barrow are not visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs.

The scheduled area is in two parts; the larger western area covering the settlement and the smaller eastern area centred on the barrow, each extending up to 15 metres from the outer edges of the cropmarks (based on transcription data). It includes the remains described above and an area around within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. The relationships, both chronological and functional, between the various features will be of particular importance.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation


Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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