Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Mains of Kelly, enclosures 450m WNW of

A Scheduled Monument in Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim, Angus

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Latitude: 56.5444 / 56°32'39"N

Longitude: -2.665 / 2°39'53"W

OS Eastings: 359210

OS Northings: 739353

OS Grid: NO592393

Mapcode National: GBR VS.VP0K

Mapcode Global: WH8S7.1R7V

Entry Name: Mains of Kelly, enclosures 450m WNW of

Scheduled Date: 4 March 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6620

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded enclosure

Location: Arbirlot

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Arbroath West, Letham and Friockheim

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises the remains of two enclosed settlements and related features of prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 45m OD on a knoll some 5m higher than its immediate surroundings. It comprises the remains of two circular enclosures, each measuring between 15m and 20m in diameter within ditches 1.5m to 2m width. A linear cropmark lying between them may be a souterrain, or semi-underground cellar, generally thought to have been used for storage. The enclosures have wide opposed entrances facing E and W.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the cropmark remains described above and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is rectangular with maximum dimensions of 100m ENE-WSW by 70m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Examination of the functional and chronological relationship between the two enclosures would enlighten the study of the development of later prehistoric settlement in lowland Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 53 NE 21.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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