Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Cnoc a'Chlochair,fort and field system

A Scheduled Monument in Ardrossan and Arran, North Ayrshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5726 / 55°34'21"N

Longitude: -5.2474 / 5°14'50"W

OS Eastings: 195370

OS Northings: 635782

OS Grid: NR953357

Mapcode National: GBR FFFZ.M5K

Mapcode Global: WH1MW.C6H9

Entry Name: Cnoc a'Chlochair,fort and field system

Scheduled Date: 6 July 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4528

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: field or field system

Location: Kilmory

County: North Ayrshire

Electoral Ward: Ardrossan and Arran

Traditional County: Buteshire

Description

The monument is a fort or defended settlement of the Iron Age with the remains of a probably contemporary field system around it. The fort occupies the top of a spur commanding the head of the Machrie Plain. The sub-oval enclosure measures 41m (E-W) x 30m transversely over ruinous walling spaced to 2.5m and 0.4m high.

A wall of similar proportions divides the enclosure into two unequal parts. There are possible entrances at E and W. The division of the enclosure into two by a low wall could represent two constructional phases, or differing functions. There are no traces of houses in interior.

To the S and SE of the enclosure are the remains of low dykes, probably part of a field system contemporary with the fort; it is similar in character to the system to Auchencar. An area measuring a maximum of 300m (N-S) x 300m (E-W), to include the fort and the whole visible field system, is proposed for scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because small forts or defended settlements are very rare on Arran. Monuments exit for the period following the Bronze Age, for which we have evidence of a high population; the monument is of national importance to the theme of the development of society in later prehistory.

The monument is also of national importance to the themes of Iron Age settlement, defence and, because of the associated field system, economy. It is of particular interest because of the survival of the field system, and because of the possible stratigraphic depth indicated by the division of the enclosure.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NR 93 NE 1.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.