Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Dabshead Hill,fort and standing stone

A Scheduled Monument in Leaderdale and Melrose, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.7524 / 55°45'8"N

Longitude: -2.723 / 2°43'22"W

OS Eastings: 354719

OS Northings: 651237

OS Grid: NT547512

Mapcode National: GBR 91FX.8R

Mapcode Global: WH7VY.4PM0

Entry Name: Dabshead Hill,fort and standing stone

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1989

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4657

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort); Prehistoric ritual and

Location: Lauder

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Leaderdale and Melrose

Traditional County: Berwickshire


The monument is a fort of the Iron Age (some 2000 to 3000 years old), with a standing stone (erected in the nineteenth century) inside it, occupying the summit of Dabshead Hill. The fort is oval in plan and is defended by two concentric ramparts and ditches. The fort's earthwork defences were never completed. The ramparts and ditches are best preserved at the NW end where the ramparts survive to c. 1m high and the ditches survive to c. 2m deep.

The fort measures c. 250m (NW-SE) by c. 180m transversely overall. The standing stone is a genuine cup-marked stone relocated from a different site. The area to be proposed for scheduling includes the fort and an area around it in which traces of activity associated with its use will survive. The area respects the shape of the monument and measures a maximum of 270m (NW-SE) by 250m transversely.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it is a well-preserved example of an unfinished fort of the Iron Age which has the potential to enhance our understanding of monuments of this type. its importance is increased by the proximity of several other forts which, taken together, have the potential to greatly increase our understanding of the settlement, economy and development of the landscape in the Iron Age in this area. The cup-marked stone is of importance as an example of a monument type rarely preserved in this area, which has the potential, despite having been moved, to enhance our understanding of prehistoric rock art.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 55 SW 14.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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