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Lylestone,settlement 1200m north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Leaderdale and Melrose, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7655 / 55°45'55"N

Longitude: -2.7466 / 2°44'47"W

OS Eastings: 353250

OS Northings: 652718

OS Grid: NT532527

Mapcode National: GBR 918S.51

Mapcode Global: WH7VX.SB8X

Entry Name: Lylestone,settlement 1200m NE of

Scheduled Date: 28 July 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4557

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Lauder

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Leaderdale and Melrose

Traditional County: Berwickshire

Description

The monument is a settlement of the Iron Age (some 2000 to 3000 years old) situated on a sloping promontory between two burns on the SW flank of Lylestone Hill. The site is roughly triangular with the NW and S sides defended by steep slopes to the burns and the gentle E approach defended by a bank and external ditch. This defence has an entrance roughly in the middle. The area to the E of the bank and ditch is waterlogged which may suggest that there will be preservation of organic remains. The site measures c 130m (ENE-WSW) by c 80m transversely overall. The area to be proposed for scheduling includes the settlement and an area around it in which traces of activity associated with its use will survive. The area respects the shape of the monument and measures 150m (ENE-WSW) by a maximum of 110m transversely, and bounded by the two burns to the NW and SW.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it is a well-preserved example of an Iron Age settlement which has the potential to enhance our understanding of sites of this type. Its importance is increased by the proximity of several other sites of similar date which, taken together, have the potential to greatly increase our understanding of the settlement, economy and development of the landscape in the Iron Age in this area. The monument is of particular interest because of the possibility of organic remains being preserved in the waterlogged area to the E of the defensive bank.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

The monument is RCAHMS number NT 55 SW 9.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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