Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Byrecleugh, farmstead and cultivation remains 300m SSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Mid Berwickshire, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.8116 / 55°48'41"N

Longitude: -2.5967 / 2°35'48"W

OS Eastings: 362700

OS Northings: 657754

OS Grid: NT627577

Mapcode National: GBR B197.MJ

Mapcode Global: WH8WY.26R2

Entry Name: Byrecleugh, farmstead and cultivation remains 300m SSW of

Scheduled Date: 24 March 1988

Last Amended: 23 February 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4508

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: farmstead

Location: Longformacus

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Mid Berwickshire

Traditional County: Berwickshire


The monument comprises a farmstead of pre-Improvement date. The farmstead is already scheduled, but the scheduling is to be extended to ensure that all of the archaeological remains are adequately protected.

The monument lies in pasture on the W bank of the Hall Burn at its junction with the Dye Water, at around 300m OD. There are four contiguous scooped courts, the two most northerly of which have the footings of rectangular buildings measuring about 9m by 4m and 8m by 4m within them, while a third structure is visible in the S corner of the scooped court immediately to the S.

The fourth, most southerly, scooped court has no obvious internal features. The scarp of the northerly court is about 1m in height. There are well preserved rig-and-furrow cultivation remains to the N of the farmstead, and to the NE there is a cultivation terrace between the farmstead and the Dye Water.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described above and an area around them in which material related to the construction and use of the farmstead may be expected to survive. The area to be scheduled is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 125m NW-SE by 70m NE-SW, bounded on the N by the Dye Water and on the SE by the Hall Burn, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract. The modern field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of pre-improvement upland settlement and economy.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NT 65 NW 4.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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