Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Clerkhill,settlements 800m NNW of

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.2756 / 55°16'32"N

Longitude: -3.1767 / 3°10'35"W

OS Eastings: 325344

OS Northings: 598569

OS Grid: NY253985

Mapcode National: GBR 678F.1N

Mapcode Global: WH6WX.5NKJ

Entry Name: Clerkhill,settlements 800m NNW of

Scheduled Date: 18 February 1986

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4374

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement; Secular: settlement, including deserted, depopulated

Location: Eskdalemuir

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire

Description

The monument comprises an Iron Age enclosed settlement, and a medieval/post-medieval farmstead. The monument is situated in the lower W flank of Clerk Hill, immediately below a farm road. The settlement comprises an oval enclosure measuring 50m (N-S) x 45m (E-W) within a stony bank up to 4.4m thick and 0.4m high. It has been slightly scooped into the hill on the E side. The earthworks are well preserved.

The interior of the enclosure is occupied in part by the remains of the later farmstead. At the NW a small yard contains a rectangular building 12m (E-W) x 3.1m (N-S) and a smaller possible structure. At the S is a rectangular building measuring 5.1m (NE-SW) x 2.8m (NW-SE) internally. A rectangular enclosure abuts the Iron Age settlement bank on the S; it measures 14.5m (ENE-WSW) x 10.2 transversely within an earthen bank 2.5 thick. 30m further to the SE is another rectangular building measuring 7.5m, from NE to SW, x 3.5m transversely within a much reduced stone wall of 0.7m thick. This structure overlies rig and furrow cultivation, which also fills the area to the N, up to the Iron Age settlement boundary.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is nationally important as a site showing evidence for at least three phases of occupation, all of which are represented by remains in a good state of preservation. The monument is important to the themes of Iron Age settlement and economy, and Medieval/Post-Medieval settlement and agriculture. The study of both the prehistoric and later parts of the site in relation to other sites of the same and associated classes will be of national importance.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

The monument is RCAHMS number NY 29 NE 7.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.