Ancient Monuments

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Louisa Mine, antimony mine and workings, Glenshanna Burn

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.2587 / 55°15'31"N

Longitude: -3.0829 / 3°4'58"W

OS Eastings: 331274

OS Northings: 596590

OS Grid: NY312965

Mapcode National: GBR 67XM.CQ

Mapcode Global: WH6X4.M25Y

Entry Name: Louisa Mine, antimony mine and workings, Glenshanna Burn

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1988

Last Amended: 8 September 2003

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4454

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: mines, quarries

Location: Westerkirk

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire


The monument is the remains of Louisa mine, antimony mine and workings, Glenshanna Burn and its associated structures lying on the banks of the Glenshanna Burn. It is situated on the SW flank of Grey Hill, at about 180m O.D. The mine was the first and probably the largest antimony mine in Britain, worked from 1793 until 1798.

From the track running up the valley to the mine on the N side of the burn, two trail drifts can be seen clearly. The high level shaft of the main mine is still open for a short distance. Near the collapsed entrance to the lower level lies the only surviving building, the magazine, built of brick with a slated roof. Between the upper level shaft and the burn valley are the remains of the spoil tips, a furnace and a number of minor structures, such as ponds for washing the ore.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the monument as described above and an area around it within which related archaeological material may be found. It is irregular on plan, with maximum dimensions of 520m (NW-SE) x 205m transversely and excludes modern fences and the top 30cm of any existing tracks.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as the well-preserved remains of the first antimony mine in Britain. It has an important place in the history of mining in this country and has the potential to enhance our understanding of early modern mining and non-ferrous smelting.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded by RCAHMS as NY 39 NW 10.


Ginsone E 1862, 'The coal formation of Canonbie, etc.?, Transactions of the North England Institute of Mining Engineering, Vol. 11, 1861-62.

McCracken A 1965, 'The Glendinning antimony mine (Louisa mine)?, Trans Dumfriesshire Natur Hist Antiq Soc, 3rd series, Vol. 52, 140-148.

RCAHMS 1980, The archaeological sites and monuments of Upper Eskdale, Annandale and Eskdale District, Dumfries & Galloway Region. The archaeological sites and monuments of Scotland series, Vol. 12, No. 149, 26.

RCAHMS 1997, Eastern Dumfriesshire: an archaeological landscape. No. 1899, 276-277 & 326.

Sinclair Sir J. ed. 1971-99, The statistical account of Scotland, drawn up from the communications of the ministers of the different parishes, Vol. 11, 1794, 528.

Tylecote R F 1984, 'Scottish antimony', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, Vol. 113, 645-646.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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