Ancient Monuments

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Preston Island,artificial island,coal mines,saltpans and housing

A Scheduled Monument in West Fife and Coastal Villages, Fife

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Latitude: 56.0495 / 56°2'58"N

Longitude: -3.5958 / 3°35'44"W

OS Eastings: 300700

OS Northings: 685213

OS Grid: NT007852

Mapcode National: GBR 1S.QVJ0

Mapcode Global: WH5QW.Q6XR

Entry Name: Preston Island,artificial island,coal mines,saltpans and housing

Scheduled Date: 30 July 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5079

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: coal

Location: Culross

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: West Fife and Coastal Villages

Traditional County: Fife


Preston Island is an artificial island formed in the early 19th century which lies about 1.2 km S of Low Valleyfield.

The monument consists of an artificial island in the river Forth about 1km south of Low Valleyfield, with the roofless remains of a pumping-engine house, two mine-shafts, a double and single salt-pan, and a block of workers' housing. The island is now surrounded by a shale bank which separates it from fly-ash lagoons operated in connection with Longannet electricity generating station. The area to be scheduled consists of the entire area of the former island, irregular in plan with maximum dimensions of 120m NW-SE by 75m NE-SW.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it is the only surviving complex with above-ground remains of one of the combined coal mining and salt boiling units which were characteristic of the Scottish salt industry. The double and single salt pans are the most complete of their type, and the engine house and associated shaft are also unusually complete. The survival of the range of workers' housing adds considerably top the interest of this outstanding site, the importance of which has been highlighted by recent research and survey work on the Scottish salt industry. It would be fair to say that this complex is at least of British national importance if not wider significance.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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