Ancient Monuments

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Auchinleck Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Cumnock and New Cumnock, East Ayrshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4796 / 55°28'46"N

Longitude: -4.3757 / 4°22'32"W

OS Eastings: 249957

OS Northings: 623208

OS Grid: NS499232

Mapcode National: GBR 3M.WVRM

Mapcode Global: WH3QY.RJJM

Entry Name: Auchinleck Castle

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1992

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5269

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: castle

Location: Auchinleck

County: East Ayrshire

Electoral Ward: Cumnock and New Cumnock

Traditional County: Ayrshire

Description

The monument consists of the remains of Auchinleck Castle, which possibly dates to the thirteenth century.

This early medieval tower occupies a strong position on the E bank of the Lugar Water. It is built on top of a sandstone rock stack which drops vertically to the river. The crumbling structure is made of local red sandstone rubble. Only the lower courses of the walls survive. These are over 1m thick and about 4m high in places. Part of the interior has been quarried out of the solid rock and the walling has augmented the natural defences provided by the rock pillar. The castle is approached by a rock-cut path which ascends to the summit from the S side of the steep rock face.

The area to be scheduled is irregular and measures a maximum of 70m NW-SE by 35m NE-SW to be centred on the castle, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it is a fortified site dating from the early medieval period; consequently it is of considerable historic value. It provides evidence, and has the potential to provide further evidence through analysis and excavation, for defensive architecture, domestic occupation and material culture during the period of its use.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the site as NS42SE 2.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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