Ancient Monuments

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Newton House,barrows and enclosures north west of,Islay

A Scheduled Monument in Kintyre and the Islands, Argyll and Bute

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Latitude: 55.7854 / 55°47'7"N

Longitude: -6.2397 / 6°14'22"W

OS Eastings: 134298

OS Northings: 662818

OS Grid: NR342628

Mapcode National: GBR BFZF.8R1

Mapcode Global: WGYGV.4V05

Entry Name: Newton House,barrows and enclosures NW of,Islay

Scheduled Date: 11 February 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5599

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive); Prehistoric ritual and funera

Location: Killarow and Kilmeny

County: Argyll and Bute

Electoral Ward: Kintyre and the Islands

Traditional County: Argyllshire


The monument consists of extensive cropmarks which have been revealed by aerial photography on the uppermost of a series of fossil river terraces to the NW of Newton House: about 18 annular and penannular features, two large sub-circular enclosures and about 20 amorphous marks.

Excavation of a small area of the cropmark complex, in advance of a road alignment (yet to be initiated), produced evidence for three distinct phases of prehistoric land use. Mesolithic activity, dating from the early 6th millennium BC, probably represents a series of flint-working sites or dwellings situated close to the seaward edge of the terrace, perhaps on the edge of an inland loch.

Evidence for neolithic activity consisted of a series of fence-lines and pits associated with a flint scatter and neolithic pottery. The last phase of activity almost certainly dates to the Early Christian period: three annular ditches with central rectangular pits, aligned from E to W, which almost certainly contained inhumations and suggest that there is a major Early Christian cemetery on this site.

The area to be scheduled measures 450m from E to W by 390m

transversely to include the cropmarks and an area around in which associated remains may survive, but excluding the excavated area, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it represents the vulnerable remains of multiperiod activity, extending from the Mesolithic to the Early Christian period, upstanding equivalents of which have not been recognised in the W of Scotland. Of particular importance is the probable Early Christian cemetery and any associated remains, which have the potential to provide information about burial ritual as well as to shed light on the introduction of Christianity to west Scotland form Dalriada.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NR 36 SW 4.


McCullagh, R. (1989) 'Excavations at Newton, Islay', Glasgow Archaeol J 15 (1988-89), 23-51.

RCAHMS (1984) Inventory for Islay, Jura, Colonsay and Oronsay, No. 31.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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