Ancient Monuments

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Woodhead lead mines and smelter,Carsphairn

A Scheduled Monument in Dee and Glenkens, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.2155 / 55°12'55"N

Longitude: -4.31 / 4°18'35"W

OS Eastings: 253133

OS Northings: 593687

OS Grid: NX531936

Mapcode National: GBR 4P.FHZB

Mapcode Global: WH3SB.R5TK

Entry Name: Woodhead lead mines and smelter,Carsphairn

Scheduled Date: 22 November 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5184

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: mines, quarries

Location: Carsphairn

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Dee and Glenkens

Traditional County: Kirkcudbrightshire


The monument consists of the remains of a complex of lead mines and smelter, of mid-19th century date. The surface remains include a well-preserved smelter together with its stone flues and chimneys, blocks of workers' housing, and waste heaps scattered over a substantial area. There are extensive undergound workings.

The area to be scheduled includes all the elements mentioned above, together with intervening land within which evidence of the construction and use of the site may survive, and is outlined in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of the survival of the relatively complete remains of a lead smelter with twin stone flues and chimneys in association with the remains of associated lead mines. Stone flues occur at smelters in the English lead fields, but these are the only Scottish examples. The mines were conducted on a large scale for the Scottish lead-mining industry, during the mid 19th century. The survival of the remains of workers? housing adds to the significance of the monument.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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