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Loch Beag na Furalachd, cairn and shielings 1175m ESE of south west end

A Scheduled Monument in North, West and Central Sutherland, Highland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 58.1009 / 58°6'3"N

Longitude: -4.3795 / 4°22'46"W

OS Eastings: 259855

OS Northings: 914908

OS Grid: NC598149

Mapcode National: GBR H7K9.W32

Mapcode Global: WH3B5.PNP3

Entry Name: Loch Beag na Furalachd, cairn and shielings 1175m ESE of SW end

Scheduled Date: 2 October 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5081

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: barn

Location: Lairg

County: Highland

Electoral Ward: North, West and Central Sutherland

Traditional County: Sutherland

Description

This monument consists of two elements. At NC59791501 on a small knoll is a prehistoric cairn composed of rubble stones and partly turf covered. The cairn measures about 9.5m in diameter and is 0.4m high. There are possible traces of a kerb to the south of the cairn. Two later irregularly shaped enclosures have been added to the NE and SW of the cairns. These enclosures may be contemporary with the Post medieval settlement to the SE, which forms the second main element.

There are at least 8 foundations surviving in the forestry clearance. Circular and oval structures predominate on this site and include one well defined circle of stones. Sub-rectangular and irregular structures also occur. The building foundations vary from 9m by 5m to 33m by 12m and represent the remains of buildings of Post Medieval date.

They would appear to represent part of a 'cottar town', many of which were destroyed during the clearances of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The area proposed for scheduling is a maximum of 370m E-W by 190m N-S, to include the prehistoric cairn and the shieling buildings, as shown in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

Both elements of this site are of national importance. The cairn incorporates information on burial and ritual practices of the Neolithic or Bronze Age. In addition it will incorporate important information on the structure of kerb cairns. The Post Medieval settlement is of national importance as it is well preserved and incorporates evidence for domestic life and agriculture. The settlement is also of potential significance for an understanding of the process of clearance in this area of the Highlands. The site is one of an important group of Post Medieval settlements to the north of Lairg.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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