Ancient Monuments

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Birgham Haugh,fort and enclosures 800m south west of

A Scheduled Monument in Mid Berwickshire, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.6409 / 55°38'27"N

Longitude: -2.3404 / 2°20'25"W

OS Eastings: 378672

OS Northings: 638651

OS Grid: NT786386

Mapcode National: GBR D336.3Q

Mapcode Global: WH8XV.0GTY

Entry Name: Birgham Haugh,fort and enclosures 800m SW of

Scheduled Date: 28 March 1991

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5017

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Eccles

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Mid Berwickshire

Traditional County: Berwickshire


The monument comprises the remains of three enclosures (oval and rectangular) of prehistoric date. They appear in an arable field as marks in cereal crop; experience shows that further remains will survive in the areas (not susceptible to cropmarks) between and around the visible marks. One enclosure appears as the marks of a fort which measures c65m by c50m within three broad ditches c5m apart.

Immediately north east of the fort there is a subrectangular enclosure c 23m within a narrow ditch; it is cut by a ditch c 2m broad possibly associated with the fort. West of the fort there is a second subrectangular enclosure c 40m across with an inturned entrance on the east.

The area to be scheduled measures a maximum of 475m NE- SW by 220m WNW-SSE to include the area in which cropmarks are visible and areas between and around where further features are likely to survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as the remains of three prehistoric structures of different form. Even though the area is under the plough experience shows that extensive and important archaeological features and deposits will survive below plough level.

The group of enclosures has the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of many aspects of prehistoric life, in particular the design and use of settlements over time; the potential exists to establish a stratigraphic relationship between a fort and a possibly earlier enclosure of unusual form.

The monuments are of added importance because of the survival in the vicinity of other monuments of similar or other dates representing a variety of functions. The monuments have the potential to increase greatly our knowledge of the prehistoric landscape in Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 73 NE 17 and number 209 in the Royal Commission Berwickshire list.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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