Ancient Monuments

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Russell's Cairn, cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Kelso and District, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.4306 / 55°25'50"N

Longitude: -2.23 / 2°13'48"W

OS Eastings: 385539

OS Northings: 615212

OS Grid: NT855152

Mapcode National: GBR D5WN.03

Mapcode Global: WH9ZZ.QR8Q

Entry Name: Russell's Cairn, cairn

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4460

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain)

Location: Morebattle

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Kelso and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire


The monument is a burial cairn of the earlier Bronze Age, situated on the summit of Windy Gyle. It measures 16.75m in diameter and is c. 2.5m high. It is almost intact apart from a reduction and levelling of the top to form a base for a modern upwards extension of the cairn centre. The primary deposits under the cairn are therefore probably undisturbed; the cairn is likely to cover at least one crouched burial of the earlier Bronze Age. The national border runs S and E from the cairn; 25 percent of the cairn therefore lies in England. A circular area measuring 40m in diameter, centred on the middle of the cairn, omitting that segment lying in England, is proposed for scheduling, to include the cairn and an area around it in which will survive remains of associated burial activity and the ceremonies which accompanied burial.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is a well preserved burial cairn of the earlier Bronze Age; archaeological excavation would recover information of importance about burial and ceremonial practices in the earlier Bronze Age. The monument is of national importance to the theme of prehistoric burial and ceremonial practices. In addition important information on the earlier Bronze Age environment will be preserved under the cairn. The cairn is of particular interest because of its prominent position, which perhaps implies that the person buried there was of greater than normal importance in their society.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NT 81 NE 19.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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