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Ayr Fort Wall (part), Ailsa Place, Ayr

A Scheduled Monument in Ayr West, South Ayrshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4633 / 55°27'47"N

Longitude: -4.6384 / 4°38'18"W

OS Eastings: 233288

OS Northings: 621995

OS Grid: NS332219

Mapcode National: GBR 39.XW1V

Mapcode Global: WH2PP.QYF4

Entry Name: Ayr Fort Wall (part), Ailsa Place, Ayr

Scheduled Date: 4 December 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6277

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: fort (non-prehistoric)

Location: Ayr

County: South Ayrshire

Electoral Ward: Ayr West

Traditional County: Ayrshire

Description

The monument comprises a stretch of masonry wall about 85 metres in length. Its south-western, or outer, face is battered from the ground up to about 4.5 metres in height. Above this is a narrower, later, vertical wall standing on average about 1 metre in height.

The area to be scheduled includes both the battered wall and the later, vertical wall above it, and also the strip of grass-covered ground measuring up to 6 metres in width along its north-eastern, or inner, face up to but not including the metalled surface that forms part of the street known as Ailsa Place. The area is indicated in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it formed part of the monument known as Ayr Fort, an artillery garrison fort, or citadel, built in 1652-5 for the Cromwellian army of occupation. The fort was designed by Hans Ewald Tessin, one of the foremost military engineers of his day. The fort was evacuated and slighted in 1660.

Ayr Fort was one of only five built in Scotland during the Cromwellian Protectorate. The others were at Inverlochy (now Fort William), Leith, Inverness and Perth. All were impressive bastioned artillery forts with spacious interiors. The remains at Ayr, which include this part of the artillery defences, are now the best preserved of this important group.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

References:

Cruden, S. (1981) The Scottish Castle.

Tabraham, C. and Grove, D. (1995) Fortress Scotland and the Jacobites.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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