Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Preston Mains,enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Midlothian East, Midlothian

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 55.8773 / 55°52'38"N

Longitude: -2.948 / 2°56'52"W

OS Eastings: 340785

OS Northings: 665314

OS Grid: NT407653

Mapcode National: GBR 70VG.KZ

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.PJDQ

Entry Name: Preston Mains,enclosure

Scheduled Date: 24 January 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5885

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Traditional County: Midlothian


The monument comprises the remains of an enclosed domestic settlement of prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument is situated on sloping ground commanding views to the N and W. The site itself has an irregular topography possibly reflecting earth-moving associated with the construction of the enclosure. The enclosure is sub-circular with an oval 'extension' protruding to the ENE. The enclosure measures approximately 90m in diameter excluding the 'extension' which protrudes to the ENE for approximately a further 30m.

The enclosure is defined by a broad ditch approximately 8m in width which follows the course of the 'extension' with no visible entrance break. The interior of the enclosure contains a concentrated dark cropmark suggesting the presence of well-preserved internal occupation deposits.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible features and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 290m ENE-WSW by 160m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to add to our understanding of prehistoric settlement activity, social organisation and economy. The potentially well-preserved internal deposits may be expected to provide evidence relating to the organisation and nature of the occupation of the site and to the economic practices carried out by the inhabitants.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 46 NW 27.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.