Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Ratch-hill, settlement, field system & enclosures south and south east of

A Scheduled Monument in East Garioch, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.2421 / 57°14'31"N

Longitude: -2.3748 / 2°22'29"W

OS Eastings: 377479

OS Northings: 816886

OS Grid: NJ774168

Mapcode National: GBR X8.YGWH

Mapcode Global: WH8P2.H7CG

Entry Name: Ratch-hill, settlement, field system & enclosures S and SE of

Scheduled Date: 27 September 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6448

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: hut circle, roundhouse; Prehistoric ritual and funerary: henge

Location: Kintore

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: East Garioch

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire


The monument comprises the remains of a later prehistoric settlement. The settlement has at least 6 circular house stances, with a system of field banks and field clearance cairns around. There are also the remains of two enclosures. One of these may be a small henge, a ceremonial site of an earlier period.

The area to be scheduled is in four parts, reflecting areas to be preserved from modern forestry. The first part, the farthest to the SW, is circular, measuring 35m in diameter. The second, to the N of the first, is irregular and measures a maximum of 85m WNW to ESE by 50m transversely.

The third, to the E of the second, is circular, measuring 35m in diameter. The fourth part is the largest. It lies E of the other three and is irregular on plan, measuring a maximum of 365m NNE to SSW by a maximum of 160m transversely. All four parts of the area are marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well preserved prehistoric settlement in an area where few such monuments have survived. It has the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of prehistoric settlement and agriculture in Aberdeenshire. The possible henge is of particular importance because of the rarity of such monuments in NE Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland




Gibb, A. (1858) Map of the north-eastern districts of Aberdeenshire.

Ordinance Survey (1867) 'Aberdeenshire, Sheet LXIV, 6'

Ordinance Survey (1901) 'Aberdeenshire, Sheet LXIV, 6'

Robertson, J. (1822) Topographical and military map of the counties of Aberdeen, Banff and Kincardine.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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