Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 230m north of Berry Holme

A Scheduled Monument in Helsington, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.2942 / 54°17'39"N

Longitude: -2.7808 / 2°46'50"W

OS Eastings: 349279.061683

OS Northings: 489016.743914

OS Grid: SD492890

Mapcode National: GBR 9L0S.RD

Mapcode Global: WH832.8B29

Entry Name: Round cairn 230m north of Berry Holme

Scheduled Date: 24 February 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021182

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35020

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Helsington

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Underbarrow with Helsington

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn located 230m north of
Berry Holme. It consists of an oval-shaped predominantly grass-covered
mound of stones up to 1.3m high measuring 16m east-west by 11m
north-south. The cairn is depicted on the Corn Rent Map of 1815.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The prehistoric round cairn 230m north of Berry Holme survives well and is
a good example of this class of monument. It will contain important
archaeological information both within the mound and upon the buried
landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


In Cumbria SMR No. 4790, Corn Rent, (1835)

Source: Historic England

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