Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Long Down, 920m north east of Sewage Works at Longmoor Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Bramshott and Liphook, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0797 / 51°4'47"N

Longitude: -0.8516 / 0°51'5"W

OS Eastings: 480539.154533

OS Northings: 131783.371508

OS Grid: SU805317

Mapcode National: GBR CBG.7HL

Mapcode Global: FRA 9638.G1G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Long Down, 920m north east of Sewage Works at Longmoor Camp

Scheduled Date: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020506

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34148

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Bramshott and Liphook

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Blackmoor and Whitehill; St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date,
prominently situated within Woolmer Forest at the south western end of Long
Down, overlooking Woolmer Down to the west and Weavers Down to the south. It
is one of a large number of isolated barrows, barrow groups and round barrow
cemeteries located in and around Woolmer Forest, some of which are the subject
of separate schedulings.
The barrow has been badly clipped on the north western side by the later
construction of a modern military road and is rutted by heavy vehicle tracks
associated with the use of the area as a military training ground. This area
is not included in the scheduling. The surviving portion of the barrow
remains as a steep-sided, flat-topped mound, 17m north-south and 1.8m high. A
smaller mound adjoining the barrow to the north east is probably a later spoil
heap. There is no trace of a surrounding quarry ditch, from which material
would have been gained for the mound's construction, although this may survive
as a buried feature, now infilled by the later use of the monument. Further
buried remains associated with the original construction and use of the
barrow, including burials, grave pits, burial goods, and the original ground
surface can also be expected to survive beneath the mound.
A Ministry of Defence marker star situated on the monument is excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow on Long Down, 920m north east of the Sewage Works at
Longmoor Camp survives reasonably well despite some later disturbance and can
be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the environment in which it was constructed. The
monument is closely associated with a number of other round barrow cemeteries
and barrow groups within the area of Woolmer Forest which together constitute
a particularly well-preserved ritual landscape of the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods.

Source: Historic England

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