Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 820m ESE of Woolmer Pond Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Whitehill, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0822 / 51°4'56"N

Longitude: -0.8632 / 0°51'47"W

OS Eastings: 479723.7684

OS Northings: 132049.981

OS Grid: SU797320

Mapcode National: GBR CBF.4KZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 9628.9JS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 820m ESE of Woolmer Pond Cottage

Scheduled Date: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020504

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34146

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Whitehill

Built-Up Area: Longmoor Camp

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Blackmoor and Whitehill; St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date,
prominently situated on a flat-topped, sandy ridge in Woolmer Forest,
overlooking Brimstone Inclosure and Queen's Bank to the north east. It is one
of a large number of isolated barrows, barrow groups and round barrow
cemeteries located in and around Woolmer Forest, some of which are the subject
of separate schedulings.
The barrow includes a steep-sided, roughly circular mound, 22m in diameter
and 2.5m high. It has been damaged by the later excavation of a slit trench,
north-south, across the centre of the mound and is clipped by another trench
on the western side and by an earthen bank to the east. There is no trace of a
surrounding quarry ditch, although such a ditch, from which material would
have been obtained for the mound's construction, can be expected to survive as
a buried feature, now infilled by the later use of the monument. Further
buried remains associated with the original construction and use of the
barrow, including burials, grave pits, burial goods, and the original ground
surface can be expected to survive beneath the mound.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow situated 820m ESE of Woolmer Pond Cottage survives well
despite some later disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
environment in which it was constructed. The monument is closely associated
with a number of other round barrow cemeteries and barrow groups within the
area of Woolmer Forest which together constitute a particularly well-preserved
ritual landscape of the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
White, G, The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, (1875), 462

Source: Historic England

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