Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows, 980m east of Woolmer Pond Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Whitehill, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0827 / 51°4'57"N

Longitude: -0.8607 / 0°51'38"W

OS Eastings: 479897.369815

OS Northings: 132101.511431

OS Grid: SU798321

Mapcode National: GBR CBF.55R

Mapcode Global: FRA 9628.BHH

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows, 980m east of Woolmer Pond Cottage

Scheduled Date: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020505

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34147

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Whitehill

Built-Up Area: Longmoor Camp

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Blackmoor and Whitehill; St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a group of three bowl barrows of Late Neolithic or
Bronze Age date prominently situated at the eastern end of a flat-topped,
sandy ridge in Woolmer Forest, overlooking Brimstone Inclosure and Queen's
Bank to the north east. The three barrows are aligned over a distance of
approximately 110m, oriented roughly north east-south west. They are one of a
number of similar barrow groups, barrow cemeteries and isolated barrows
located in and around Woolmer Forest, some of which are the subject of
separate schedulings.
The barrows survive in reasonably good condition although all three have been
damaged by the later excavation of slit trenches across them or by heavy
vehicle tracks and drains associated with the modern use of the area as a
military training ground. They survive as roughly circular, steep-sided and
flat-topped mounds, ranging from 17m to 20m in diameter and from 1.5m to 2.5m
in height. All three barrows have slight traces of surrounding ditches around
them, up to 3m wide and 0.5m deep, from which material would have been
obtained for the mounds' construction. These ditches have now been partly
infilled by the later use of the site. Further archaeological remains
associated with the original construction and use of the barrows, including
burials, grave pits, burial goods, and the original ground surface, can be
expected to survive as buried features beneath and between the mounds.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The three bowl barrows situated 980m east of Woolmer Pond Cottage survive well
despite some later disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the environment
in which they were constructed. The monument is closely associated with a
number of other round barrow cemeteries and barrow groups within the area of
Woolmer Forest which together constitute a particularly well-preserved ritual
landscape of the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
White, G, The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, (1875), 462
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 354

Source: Historic England

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