Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 630m NNE of Littleton House

A Scheduled Monument in Crawley, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1064 / 51°6'22"N

Longitude: -1.3614 / 1°21'40"W

OS Eastings: 444806.702273

OS Northings: 134312.10546

OS Grid: SU448343

Mapcode National: GBR 85D.JMN

Mapcode Global: VHD0W.CG46

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 630m NNE of Littleton House

Scheduled Date: 29 March 1949

Last Amended: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020501

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34159

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Crawley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Littleton St Catherine of Alexandria

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date,
situated 630m NNE of Littleton House on a broad chalk spur projecting south
west from Worthy Down. The barrow has been damaged by the later excavation of
a 3m wide trench, north-south, across it and has been clipped by modern
ploughing. It now survives as a roughly oval-shaped, very steep-sided mound,
approximately 26m in east-west diameter by 22m in north-south diameter, and 2m
high. The mound is deeply hollowed in the centre as a result of the later
excavation, creating the false impression of a twin barrow when viewed from
the north or south. It is surrounded by traces of a surrounding ditch, 5m
wide, which has been substantially infilled by the later ploughing but will
survive as a buried feature. Further archaeological remains associated with
the original construction and use of the monument, including burials, grave
pits, burial goods, and the original ground surface can also be expected to
survive as buried features beneath the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 630m NNE of Littleton House survives well despite later
disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the environment in which
it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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