Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow 1km south of Larkwhistle Farm

A Scheduled Monument in South Wonston, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.1149 / 51°6'53"N

Longitude: -1.35 / 1°21'0"W

OS Eastings: 445593.240157

OS Northings: 135268.532847

OS Grid: SU455352

Mapcode National: GBR 85F.1HJ

Mapcode Global: VHD0W.K75N

Entry Name: Long barrow 1km south of Larkwhistle Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 June 1981

Last Amended: 19 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013200

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12093

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: South Wonston

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Headbourne Worthy St Swithun

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a long barrow situated in woodland and located
just below the crest of a gentle south-facing slope. The barrow mound
is rectangular in plan and orientated ENE-WSW. It is 60m long by 20m
wide and survives to a height of between 2 and 2.5m. Flanking quarry
ditches, separated from the north and south sides of the mound by a
narrow berm c.2m wide, survive to a depth of 0.1m and a width of c.5m.
The site was discovered during fieldwork in the late 1970s in advance
of building the A34 which runs close to the site.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. This example is particularly important as it survives well and, with
no evidence of formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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