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Long barrow 500m south-west of Sanctuary Farm

A Scheduled Monument in South Wonston, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1221 / 51°7'19"N

Longitude: -1.3264 / 1°19'35"W

OS Eastings: 447238.293736

OS Northings: 136078.645412

OS Grid: SU472360

Mapcode National: GBR 858.MG8

Mapcode Global: VHD0W.Y2N5

Entry Name: Long barrow 500m south-west of Sanctuary Farm

Scheduled Date: 20 June 1950

Last Amended: 18 April 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013345

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12082

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: South Wonston

Built-Up Area: South Wonston

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: South Wonston

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a long barrow, surviving as a low earthwork and
set in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is
orientated ENE-WSW and survives to a length of 97m. It has a maximum
width of 20m at the NE end and 10m at the SW end. Two ditches, from
which mound material was quarried, flank the mound. Although no longer
visible at ground level, these survive as buried features to a width
of 5m. The site survives to a maximum height of 1m in the hedgerow and
gardens west of West Hill Road North. East of the road, in an area
heavily ploughed over several years, the mound survives to 0.4m high.
The road itself is excluded from the scheduling although the area
beneath the road surface is included.
Although never formally excavated, two finds have been recorded from
the site. A flint scraper was recovered from the SW end of the mound
and a small axe made of greenstone from Great Langdale in the Lake
District, was found in a garden NW of the road.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the
densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of
this type in the country.
The Sanctuary Farm barrow is particularly important as it is one of
three such monuments surviving in the immediate vicinity. Such groups
rarely survive and give an indication of the intensity with which
areas were settled during the Neolithic period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 185-6
Dunning, G C, 'Antiquaries Journal' in A new long barrow in Hampshire, , Vol. 26, (1946)
Other
Winchester City Museum, Re: Sanctuary Farm long barrow,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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