Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 780m north of Grove House

A Scheduled Monument in Newton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3157 / 54°18'56"N

Longitude: -0.7422 / 0°44'31"W

OS Eastings: 481922.03413

OS Northings: 491850.629

OS Grid: SE819918

Mapcode National: GBR RL8J.3Q

Mapcode Global: WHF9J.KSSD

Entry Name: Round barrow 780m north of Grove House

Scheduled Date: 7 November 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020310

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34832

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Levisham St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated on level ground on the eastern
side of the terrace lying between West Side Brow of Levisham Moor and Newton
Dale to the west.
Levisham Moor lies on the southern edge of the sandstone, predominantly
heather covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors. The moor occupies
the northern part of a block of land defined by the deep valleys of Newton
Dale to the west, Horcum Slack to the east, Havern Beck to the north and
Levisham Beck to the south. The eastern side of the moor is bisected by
smaller valleys known locally as griffs which divide the moor into a series of
flat-topped peninsulas with steep slopes on all but their north western sides.
The southern part of the block of land has been enclosed and brought into
agricultural use however buried traces of prehistoric remains in this area are
visible on aerial photographs. Today the moor is little used but
archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. Both
the prehistoric and medieval periods saw intensive use of the land for
agricultural, industrial and ritual purposes. Remains of these activities
survive today.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.3m high and measuring 7m in
diameter. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide, which has been
filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The round barrow 780m north of Grove House has survived well. Significant
information about the original construction of the barrow, the burials placed
within it and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be
preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow

Source: Historic England

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