Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 510m south of Lower Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Stape, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3136 / 54°18'48"N

Longitude: -0.7592 / 0°45'33"W

OS Eastings: 480818.031152

OS Northings: 491598.17387

OS Grid: SE808915

Mapcode National: GBR RL4K.FG

Mapcode Global: WHF9J.9VQ0

Entry Name: Round cairn 510m south of Lower Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019780

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34810

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Stape

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Newton St John

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round cairn situated on gently sloping ground
overlooking Newton Dale on the southern slopes of the North York Moors. It is
known from archaeological evidence that the southern flanks of the moors were
extensively used in the prehistoric period for agricultural and ritual
purposes. Remains of these activities survive today.
The cairn has a stony mound measuring 11m in diameter and standing 0.6m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn 510m south of Lower Farm has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the cairn, burials placed within it and
the relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved. Evidence
of earlier land use will also survive beneath the mound.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A, Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1994), 113-122

Source: Historic England

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