Ancient Monuments

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Prehistoric settlement 610m south west of Cox Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Whitchurch, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5641 / 50°33'50"N

Longitude: -4.0835 / 4°5'0"W

OS Eastings: 252532.014186

OS Northings: 75894.140995

OS Grid: SX525758

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.FT2S

Mapcode Global: FRA 27BK.WFM

Entry Name: Prehistoric settlement 610m south west of Cox Tor

Scheduled Date: 11 December 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020002

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22362

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Whitchurch

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle settlement with an associated
enclosure and fields situated on a gentle west facing slope of Cox Tor
overlooking much of West Devon and East Cornwall. The stone hut circle
settlement includes three stone hut circles, which survive as rubble banks
each surrounding a circular internal area which varies from 15.9 sq m to 19.6
sq m, with the average being 17.1 sq m. The surrounding walls measure up to
0.6m high and one has a visible doorway.
The enclosure survives as a 64m long by 54m wide irregular shaped area
denoted by a 2m wide rubble bank standing up to 0.5m high. Two of the stone
hut circles lie within this enclosure which is clearly of a different date to
the adjacent fields which form part of the coaxial field system on Whitchurch
Common.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric settlement 610m south west of Cox Tor survives well and
together with an associated enclosure and coaxial fields forms part of a
well-preserved palimpsest on the lower slopes of Cox Tor, containing abundant
evidence for the use of the area in both prehistoric and historic times.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2000)
Title: Cox Tor Survey
Source Date: 1991
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
1:2500 plan

Source: Historic England

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