Ancient Monuments

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Enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5651 / 50°33'54"N

Longitude: -4.079 / 4°4'44"W

OS Eastings: 252855.125124

OS Northings: 75987.105929

OS Grid: SX528759

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.FN48

Mapcode Global: FRA 27BK.YGH

Entry Name: Enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

Scheduled Date: 6 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011497

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22233

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes an enclosure containing a stone hut circle and
rectangular building situated on a terrace on the steep west slope of Cox Tor.
The enclosure has a semi-cleared area of ground measuring 30m north to south
by 26m east to west defined by a rubble spread 2m to 3m wide standing up to
0.6m high. A gap in the western side of the enclosure represents the site of
an entrance to which an 8m long and 2m wide rubble faced passage is attached.
The stone hut circle is composed of coursed drystone walling defining an
internal area measuring 6.6m in diameter. The wall measures 2.3m wide and
stands up to 0.7m high. The doorway faces south and is defined by two fallen
A small rectangular building built against the inner face of the enclosure
immediately to the south of the entrance measures 4.1m long by 2.3m wide. The
walls are composed of rubble, measure 1.5m wide and stand up to 0.4m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation
pillar on Cox Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a scattered
group of settlements situated on the slopes of Cox Tor. The settlement lies
between two areas of coaxial field system and close to an important round
cairn cemetery.
The settlement contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as
such, it provides a valuable source of information concerning the nature of
Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 83
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW21,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW41,

Source: Historic England

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