Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn in Harwood Dale Forest, 540m south west of Teydale Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Stainton Dale, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3651 / 54°21'54"N

Longitude: -0.51 / 0°30'36"W

OS Eastings: 496906.09567

OS Northings: 497641.378

OS Grid: SE969976

Mapcode National: GBR SKWZ.C0

Mapcode Global: WHGBL.4KD0

Entry Name: Round cairn in Harwood Dale Forest, 540m south west of Teydale Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019767

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34575

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Stainton Dale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Hackness with Harwood Dale

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round cairn situated on level ground at the top of a
gentle south-facing slope. It lies on Middle Jurassic sandstone towards the
eastern edge of the North York Moors.
The cairn has a well-defined stony mound which stands up to 0.9m high.
Formerly it had a diameter of 14m, but this has been reduced by forestry
ploughing at the edges so that now it measures only 11m. In the centre of the
mound there is a hollow left by partial excavation in the past. The full
extent of the original distance is included in the area of protection.
The round cairn lies in an area where there are many prehistoric monuments,
including funerary and ritual monuments as well as field systems and clearance

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round cairn in Harwood Dale Forest, 540m
south west of Teydale Farm has survived well. Significant information about
the original form of the cairn and the burials placed within it will be
preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will
also survive beneath the stony mound. The cairn lies in an area where there
are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar
monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary
activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey
Source Date: 1992
Site 5.12

Source: Historic England

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