Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Harwood Dale, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3537 / 54°21'13"N

Longitude: -0.5098 / 0°30'35"W

OS Eastings: 496948.424601

OS Northings: 496369.326598

OS Grid: SE969963

Mapcode National: GBR SLW3.F3

Mapcode Global: WHGBL.4THS

Entry Name: Round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 November 1962

Last Amended: 11 October 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019797

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34570

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Harwood Dale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Hackness with Harwood Dale

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies a prominent position at
the top of a natural rise towards the eastern edge of the North York Moors. It
is situated on a deposit of glacial sands and gravels which overlies the
Middle Jurassic sandstone.
The barrow has an earthen mound which stands 0.8m high and measures up to 32m
in diameter. Ploughing has spread the mound and completely truncated the
extreme western edge. Originally the mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m
wide, but this has become filled in over the years by soil slipping from the
mound and it is no longer visible.
The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments,
including further barrows as well as field systems and clearance cairns.
A field boundary consisting of an old hedge line between two parallel fences
runs across the western edge of the monument in a north east to south west
direction.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands
Farm has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the
barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for
earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath
the barrow mound and within the buried ditch.
The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial
monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the
distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the
prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Charlesworth, D, AM7, (1962)
Title: 2nd Edition 25" Ordnance Survey sheet 62/10
Source Date: 1928
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey
Source Date: 1992
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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