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Medieval moated site 110m north west of Grange Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bratton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2736 / 51°16'25"N

Longitude: -2.1304 / 2°7'49"W

OS Eastings: 390996.077179

OS Northings: 152726.149323

OS Grid: ST909527

Mapcode National: GBR 1TH.25Z

Mapcode Global: VH97B.172Z

Entry Name: Medieval moated site 110m north west of Grange Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 September 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019735

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33530

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bratton

Built-Up Area: Bratton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bratton St James the Great

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated on low-lying Head deposits on the
north western edge of Bratton, a springline village built beneath the northern
scarp of Salisbury Plain.
The area enclosed by the moat is square, measuring 22m across, flat-topped and
rises 0.8m above the surrounding area. The sides of this island slope steeply
into the moat which is 1.3m deep and between 5m and 8m wide. The moat is lined
with clay in order to hold water but it is now dry. Surrounding the moat is a
low bank up to 1m high and 2m wide. To the south east the boundary wall of a
house plot has been built over the bank. This wall is not included in the
scheduling.
To the east the bank supports a hedge bank adjacent to the road. To the west
the moat has been partially infilled with stone to protect it from a track
which crosses at this point, but it survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite encroachment from the south, the medieval moated site 110m north west
of Grange Farm is a well-defined example that survives in excellent
condition. Within the area defined by the moat, archaeological remains will
survive providing an insight into the use of the site, while the moat itself
will contain environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was
built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Roy Cahnam, Moated Site, NW of Bratton, (1981)

Source: Historic England

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